Ben Greenfield FitnessAuthor: Ben Greenfield
22 Mar 2019

Ben Greenfield Fitness

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Free fitness, nutrition, biohacking, fat loss, anti-aging and cutting-edge health advice from BenGreenfieldFitness.com! Tune in to the latest research, interviews with exercise, diet and medical professionals, and an entertaining mash-up of ancestral wisdom and modern science, along with Q&A's and mind-body-spirit optimizing content from America's top personal trainer.

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    Why Most Physicians Don't Practice Natural Medicine, How To Eat Seasonally, The Benefits Of Mistletoe, Tissue Salts, Neural Therapy & More

    Over half of the world’s population is afflicted with some form of chronic or degenerative illness. Heart disease, autoimmune disease, diabetes, neurological conditions, cancer, Lyme disease―the list goes on. The conventional, allopathic, treat-the-symptom-with-pharmaceutical-drugs model is rapidly falling out of favor as patients are searching for nontoxic, advanced prevention and healing modalities that actually work. Bioregulatory medicine involves fixing this issue with a model that has proven effective for decades in forward-thinking developed countries, including Switzerland and Germany. Our bodies have many bioregulating systems, including the cardiovascular, digestive, neurological, respiratory, endocrine, and so on. Bioregulatory medicine is a comprehensive and holistic approach to health that advocates the use of natural healing methods to support and restore the body’s intrinsic self-regulating and self-healing mechanisms, as opposed to simply treating symptoms with integrative therapies. Bioregulatory medicine is about discovering the root cause of disease and takes into account the entire person from a genetic, epigenetic, metabolic, energetic, and emotional point of view. So while patients may have the same disease or prognosis, the manifestation of illness is entirely bioindividual and must be treated and prevented on an individual level. Bioregulatory medicine addresses the four pillars of health―drainage and detox, diet, mind-body medicine, and oral health―using a sophisticated synthesis of the very best natural medicine with modern advances in technology. In addition to identifying the cause of disease, bioregulatory medicine promotes disease prevention and early intervention of illness through noninvasive diagnostics and treatments, and incorporates the use of over 100 different non-toxic diagnostics and treatments from around the world. Forward-thinking patients and integrative practitioners will find bioregulatory medicine invaluable as they seek to deepen their understanding of the body’s many regulating systems and innate ability to heal itself. My guest on today's podcast, Dr. Dickson Thom, is the author of the new book Bioregulatory Medicine: An Innovative Holistic Approach to Self-Healing. He graduated from the University of Toronto, Faculty of Dentistry in 1974. He obtained his first Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine degree from the Ontario College of Naturopathic Medicine in 1986, and in 1989 he completed a second Naturopathic degree from the National College of Natural Medicine (NCNM) in Portland, Oregon. Dr. Thom was a full-time professor and the past Dean of Naturopathic Medicine at NCNM where he taught clinical and physical diagnosis, gastroenterology, neurology, practical endocrinology, x-ray practicum and business entrepreneurship for almost 25 years. In addition, he was a clinic supervisor to hundreds of students and managed care for thousands of patients. Dr. Thom is now the medical director at the American Center for Biological Medicine and the American Center for Alternative Medicine in Scottsdale, AZ. These clinics are state of the art and uniquely manage care for patients from around the world. For a complete description of these unique offerings, visit the web site TheBiomedCenter.com. Dr. Thom lectures extensively on health and business topics and has written and collaborated in the writing of many articles and books dealing with drainage, nutrition and business. Dr. Thom studied extensively with Gérard Guéniot, MD and incorporates Dr. Guéniot’s work into his seminar lectures and his private practice in Scottsdale, AZ. In August 2009 he received The VIS Award from the American Association of Naturopathic Physicians in recognition of one who represents the Vis, the Healing Power of Nature, as demonstrated through their work, life, and community service. During our discussion, you'll discover: -Dr. Thom's daily diet...9:30 Intermittent fasting Keto, paleo Better for biochemistry and balancing metabolism Homeostasis: what biological medicine is at its core A typical breakfast: Eggs, turkey bacon, avocado -What exactly is "bioregulatory medicine"?...11:50 "In reality, it's the only type of healing that's existed since man has been on the earth." Ancient Babylonians, Egyptians, Chinese, Indians: All about balancing energy flows Biofields: Energies the body is associated with Body is one huge electromagnet Gives off energy Movement creates electrons Some people can read other people's energies Electron transport chain in mitochondria Electricity interacts with human body and vice versa Deleterious effects of wifi, cell towers, etc. Physiology, biochemistry, physics Newton's Law: Conventional medicine still believes that's how the body heals itself 1927: Einstein and Planck came out with quantum mechanics; led to utilization of atomic bomb Multiple organ systems within our body We think of them individually: heart, cardiovascular, nervous, digestive, etc. All the "specialties" don't communicate with the other specialties You must have all the pieces to rebuild a house; same with the body Dr. Thom describes himself as a specialist in health, not necessarily in disease -More on bio fields and the practice of Kirlian photography...20:45 Our energy is not confined by our skin the way our body is People transfer energy with each other without physically touching them (long term relationships) Kirlian photography: Microscopes allow us to see what before was not visible Measures the body's bio fields Use electromagnetic spectrum on all levels; subtle energies that can't be seen or felt Capturing ability of cells to communicate -The self-healing qualities of the body that can be enhanced by bioregulatory medicine...25:30 The cast didn't heal a broken bone; it simply immobilized and made it possible to heal itself "Chi", or bio field energy is necessary for the bone to heal Every part of our body - bones, organs, skin, etc. - self-heal and regenerate You can replace a child's liver with a portion of a full-grown liver; both will grow and regenerate to full size -How the Flexner Report, published in 1910, laid the foundation for mainstream medicine...29:35 The Flexner Report, published in 1910 American Medical Association formed in 1857 Bloodletting and homeopathy were common practice at that time Bloodletting wasn't effective (it killed George Washington) but homeopathy was proven to be effective AMA excluded practitioners of homeopathy and other "unapproved" methods from their organization Abraham Flexner, who was not a doctor, a scientist, nor a medical practitioner, was commissioned by the Carnegie Foundation to examine 155 medical schools The good in the report: Not enough education Need prerequisites Need standardization Suggested reducing 155 schools to 31 schools The bad in the report: Blacks were inferior, diseased; schools teaching black students should be closed Schools can no longer teach homeopathy, electrotherapy, etc. simply because Flexner didn't believe in them In 1900, there were more homeopathic doctors than conventional; by 1953, they were all closed Western medical students are still taught based on the Flexner Report; although they've likely never heard of it Rockefeller and Carnegie foundations' influenced pharmaceutical industry, as well as who got accepted into the 31 schools -The science behind a seasonal diet and how it works with bioregulatory medicine...42:15 Weston A. Price Foods consumed are indigenous to the location the people lived Ancestral approach to diet Eating cold food in summer, hot food in winter Normal body temp is 98.6 Enzymes necessary to digest food function at ~98.3 degrees Put 40 degree food in your body; requires tremendous energy to digest Master fuel sensors: mTOR more active under sunlight in summer AMPKα in the winter Look for foods indigenous to your ancestors, as well as your current locale Book: 100 Million Years of Food by Stephen Lee Book: The Jungle Effect by Dr. Daphne Miller Book: Return To An Ancestral Diet by Dr. Michael Smith -How mistletoe is a component of bioregulatory medicine...50:34 Mistletoe has historically symbolized life in religion and mythology You'll often find mistletoe in European cancer treatment centers Used in all deliveries: IV, injectable, inhaled, etc. Its use in autoimmune issues: In nature, the antidote is right next to the poisonous plant Autoimmune issue means out of balance Not trying to suppress; try to support, make it more in balance Allopathic = opposite medicine You get a fever when you're sick; support the fever, don't suppress it Go beyond the symptoms; support the physiology A headache is not due to a Tylenol deficiency -How to find a practitioner in bioregulatory medicine...58:30 No central directory at the moment Dr. Thom is creating a curriculum to teach clinic staff to make them available Marion Institute, Marion, MA Bioregulatory Institute, Louisville, KY -Protocols unique to bioregulatory medicine...1:00:00 Contact Regulation Thermography (CRT) Diagnostic tool to measure 119 points in the body Link to 15 different organ systems Stress the body (cold) Remeasure same points Graph before stress and after Can quickly and effectively track how your body reacts to stress Measuring specific points on the skin that are related to the various internal organs in the body Zyto Scan Put hand on a plate, running an electrical program; reads the energy coming from your hand onto the plate Can see how you're being affected by foods, microbes, etc. Tracks specific areas of the body that are out of balance It's a "soft diagnosis" for Lyme disease Vega Analysis German company formed in 1950's Electrodermal testing Measure on acupuncture points different electrical energies -Clinical research behind the efficacy of bioregulatory medicine...1:11:06 -Tissue cell salts: what are they, and what are they used for...1:13:30 Developed by Dr. Schuessler Analyzed ash of human bodies Same 12 minerals in the ash, regardless of where they were from 12 different mineral diluted compounds (3x) Tissue cells themselves don't have the minerals in them Orally ingested via small pills -The practice of neural therapy...1:19:00 -And much more! Resources from this episode: -TheBiomedCenter.com -Book: Bioregulatory Medicine: An Innovative Holistic Approach to Self-Healing -My Switzerland Biological Medicine retreat -Kirlian photography -Book: 100 Million Years Of Food by Stephen Le -Book: The Jungle Effect by Daphne Miller, MD -Book: Return To An Ancestral Diet by Dr. Michael Smith -Dr. Jason West's clinic in Pocatello, Idaho Episode Sponsors: -Kion: My personal playground for new supplement formulations. Ben Greenfield Fitness listeners receive a 10% discount off your entire order when you use discount “bgf10”. https://getkion.com  -Organifi Green Juice: Now you can get all your healthy superfoods in one glass...with No Shopping, No Blending, No Juicing, and No Cleanup. Use discount code “beng20” at checkout and get a 20% discount on your entire order! organifi.com/ben -Vuori Clothing: Activewear and athletic clothing for ultimate performance. Vuori is built to move and sweat in, yet designed with a West Coast aesthetic that transitions effortlessly into everyday life.Enter discount code “ben25” and receive 25% off your first order! https://vuoriclothing.com  -Birdwell Beach Britches: Quality is our Gimmick isn’t just our slogan, it’s a commitment we honor with every stitch we sew. 100% money back guarantee. Get 10% off your order when you use discount code “beng” PLUS free shipping on any order over $99. https://birdwell.com   Do you have questions, thoughts or feedback for Dr. Thom or me? Leave your comments below and one of us will reply!  

  • Posted on 21 Mar 2019

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    The Jack Dorsey Podcast: Advanced Stress Mitigation Tactics, Extreme Time-Saving Workouts, DIY Cold Tubs, Hormesis, One-Meal-A-Day & More.

    Jack Dorsey dropped out of college to start Twitter, and is now a billionaire businessman. He is the CEO of Twitter, CEO & Chairman of Square, and a co-founder of both. But what most people don't know about Jack is his keen interest in all things fitness, nutrition and health. So in today's episode we dive into Jack's daily routine, diet, stress management strategies, workout and fitness habits, and much more. In this interview, you'll discover... -The 3 core ways Jack handles the tremendous amount of stress he deals with in his life and work...6:45 Vipassana meditation (10:10) 10 day "retreat" No reading, writing, devices No talking, no eye contact 2 meals a day; wake at 4; meditate 4:30 am thru 9 pm Vegetarian diet; can't eat after noon Primary objective: Being in control of your reactions Exercise and sleep (16:53) Walk 5 miles to work (in 1 hour 15 minutes) Listen to podcasts, audio books Walk in the sun Work from home Tuesday and Thursday 1-3 iterations of the 7-Minute Workout every day Seven workout app VT Body Weight app Tabata sets on a stationary bike Hyperwear Vest Book: Body by Science by Doug McGuff and John R. Little Sauna and cold Clearlight Sauna Barrel sauna and ice bath Near infrared sauna (Sauna Space) "Nothing has given me mental confidence like going from room temperature into the cold." No more hot showers Jack prefers walking over running: more predictable, less stress on the body Diet (35:56) The only supplement Jack takes is a multivitamin and lots of Vitamin C Learn to make your own medicine (meditation, sleep, etc.) before delving into supplements Technology is a "crutch" Jack was vegan for 2 years Didn't understand the diet Mom told him he was "orange" - way too much beta kerotene Switched to paleo diet for one year Listened to lots of Wim Hof podcasts (2 years ago) One meal per day: 6:30-8:30 Drink red wine 28 oz. of water in the morning Drink water all day long Take vitamin with dinner Protein, greens, mixed berries and dark chocolate for dessert Eat at home as much as possible -Other facets of Jack's health and fitness regimen...49:45 Self-quantification: Oura Ring Fast Friday evening thru Sunday evening Hormesis; autophagy based Desires to do a Spartan race someday Pros and cons of working out with other people My podcast on free diving Jack was extremely shy as a kid Took a speech class; improv and speak on a topic you know nothing about Pushed him out of his comfort zone Journaling since age 14 - end of day And much more... Resources from this episode: -Jack's twitter account -New York Times Seven Minute Workout -"Seven" Workout App -"VT" Bodyweight App -Hyperwear Vest -Book: Body By Science by Doug McGuff and John R. Little -Infrared sauna - Use code BEN for $500 off -Ben's article on how to build your own cold tub -Athletic Greens -Ben's podcast on "Ancestral Wisdom vs. Modern Science" -Ben's podcast with Ray Cronise -My podcast with Todd White of Dry Farm Wines in which we discuss "one-meal-a-day" -The Oura ring - Use Greenfieldoura for $50 off -My podcast with Ted Harty on freediving Episode Sponsors: -Kion: My personal playground for new supplement formulations. Ben Greenfield Fitness listeners receive a 10% discount off your entire order when you use discount “bgf10”. https://getkion.com  -JOOVV: After using the Joovv for close to 3 years, it's the only light therapy device I'd ever recommend. Give it a try: you won't be disappointed. Order using my link and receive nice bonus gift with your order! joovv.com/ben -State and Liberty: Whether you're sitting in an office, traveling for work, or looking to dress it down, these are the best possible dress shirts from style, to fit to comfort. Type in discount code “BEN” to get 10% off your first order, or head to one of our store locations in New York City, Boston, or Chicago and mention this podcast to get 10% off your order! stateandliberty.com  Do you have questions, thoughts or feedback for Jack or me? Leave your comments below and one of us will reply!  

  • Posted on 16 Mar 2019

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    The Truth About The Carnivore Diet: Everything You Need To Know About Dangers, Benefits, Mistakes & Hacks For Eating Only Meat.

    Prepare yourself for the most epic, deep dive into the carnivore diet that you've ever heard. I recently listened to a physician named Paul Saladino debate research scientist Layne Norton about the carnivore diet on my friend Mark Bell's podcast. I was so intrigued by the episode that I decided to get Paul on my show to explore the science behind the carnivore diet, carnivore diet do's and don'ts, and whether the carnivore diet is a true, sustainable, natural, ancestral nutrition approach or just a dietary fad. During this show, we cover: -Why Paul is a raving fan of salmon roe...17:15 Humans cannot make Omega 3 fatty acids Omega 3's in salmon roe are in the phospholipid form Salmon roe crosses the blood brain barrier more efficiently than in the triglyceride or ethyl ester form (which you'll find in most fish oil capsules) Two tbsps of salmon roe gives you the DHA without being exposed to the metals Benefit of getting a nutrient from a food vs. from a supplement Concern with oxidation in fish oil: Look for certificate of analysis Look at levels of lipid peroxides Not nearly as much oxidation in eggs than the fish -Why Paul doesn't consume black pepper...21:15 A central principle of the carnivorous diet: plants are not put on the earth to serve humans Develop potentially toxic compounds to defend themselves from other animals A peppercorn is the seed of a plant The seeds are where a higher concentration of pesticides and toxins reside Pepper contains a compound called piperine, which inhibits UDP glucuronosyltransferase In essence: black pepper inhibits our body's natural detoxification process. Piperine is added to curcumin supplements to increase the level of curcumin you can absorb We don't actually use these molecules in human biochemistry Used to activate certain pathways to produce our own antioxidants (which is glutathione) Plants induce Nrf2, while simultaneously doing toxic things to our bodies Sulforaphane is considered to be a highly beneficial molecule as a precursor to glutathione pathways But is known to be a goitrogen (meaning it can induce hypothyroidism) Key take away: You can simulate the benefits of eating plants by eating meat and living a healthy lifestyle -Why Paul refused a cup of Kion Coffee when offered by Ben...30:45 Coffee is felt to be beneficial because of a couple of polyphenolic compounds: chloragenic acid and caffeic acid These have been found to be clastogenic (DNA damage) A coffee bean is the seed of a plant, which contains toxins as a natural defense mechanism Very few animals eat those seeds -Aren't plants like exercise, where you need them, but too much can be harmful?...26:05 Hormesis is potential benefit of plants Sulforaphane: Is linked to hypothyroidism Depends on one's baseline level of iodine consumption Does not exist in a plant Glucoraphanin is converted into sulforaphane by Myrosinase Highest levels are found in broccoli seeds and sprouts Humans are "facultative carnivores" meaning we can get everything we need from meat without ingesting the toxins found in plants. -Storage organs in plants that result in larger brains and smaller guts...46:35 Richard Wrangham Tubers Fairly toxic generally speaking Ancestral (non-hybridized) tubers aren't as valuable to humans due to size, appearance, etc. Developed big brains by eating bone marrow and brains of animals (as scavengers) No DHA, or fatty acids in a tuber Macronutrients for short term survival; micronutrients for long term survival Tubers have macronutrients, but not micronutrients Fossils of homo erectus found near water: algae, DHA, other micronutrients Just because tubers were efficacious for our ancestors doesn't mean we should choose them today Animals provide all the micronutrients we need in the most bioavailable forms The ultimate multivitamin for a human would be an animal -Why plants may not be necessary, could be harmful to the gut, and are "survival food"...50:50 Vilhjalmur Stefansson: Lived with Inuit people for a year Observed they ate plants only when "real foods" i.e. animals weren't available Book: 100 Million Years of Food by Stephen Lee Even though humans have made plants more digestible via sprouting, fermenting, etc. we should still opt for the ribeye steak. -Whether a carnivorous diet is sustainable or ethical...53:53 Eat the animal "nose to tail" Book: The Whole Beast by Fergus Henderson Muscle meat is high in methionine but low in glycine Best results come when we eat organs and tendons along with the muscle meat Different nutrients in different parts of the animal Why Ben called the carnivore diet "lazy" on the Joe Rogan podcast Carbohydrate availability for the thyroid Ancestors would eat the thyroid immediately after killing an animal Do you need plants to consume adequate amounts of vitamins and minerals? Good amounts of Vitamin C in liver and in brain; whale blubber Liver also has large amounts of carotenal, a precursor to Vitamin A Quercetin doesn't directly contribute to human biochemistry You may not be able to get flavonoids from meat, but you may not need them at all -How we would consume fiber on a carnivore diet, or if we even need it at all...1:06:40 The debate between Paul Saladino and Layne Norton on the Mark Bell show Fiber is a "fairy tale" Physician named Burkett in Tanzania Tanzanians did not have as many cases of diverticulosis as Westerners Erroneously equated high amounts of fiber intake with low cases of diverticulosis The reverse is true Applies to insoluble and soluble fiber "Healthy user bias" affects studies on fiber People who eat less meat and more fiber, and engage in healthy activities Stereotypical "meat eater": Steak, fries, cake, etc. -Why Ben Greenfield is hesitant to embrace a full-on carnivore diet...1:13:50 Variety is the spice of life (colors of food, tastes, etc.) Humans are "facultative carnivores" Meant to eat animals, but can eat plants when animals are not available Plants can contribute to life enjoyment if you choose to use them in your diet -The carnivore diet and longevity...1:23:30 Fallacy: centenarians live longer because of genetics. They live long in spite of what they eat. Theory of "blue zones" has been incorrectly interpreted Not caused by diet (plants, legumes, etc.) Clusters of longevity mutation in certain genes; improves insulin sensitivity, antioxidants, etc. High insulin sensitivity when carbs are cut out -Carnivore vs. ketosis...1:28:45 Three micronutrients: carbs, protein, fat We can run on two fuels: fat or carbs fat that is stored or that you're eating No such thing as an "essential carbohydrate" You can have a ketogenic diet that includes some plant foods that are potentially immunotoxic Carnivorous diet is by default a ketogenic because you're not eating plant-based carbs (trace amounts in meat) What about coconut oil and coconut cream? Coconut has salicylates Oil doesn't have actual coconut particles, but can have some salicylates Dairy: addictive to humans because it's the combination of fat and sugar; great for infants It's why we crave ice cream Rewarding but not satiating Some cut out dairy, and find they're more satiated when eating meat -The carnivore diet and amino intake...1:37:53 Paul typically eats 3 pounds of meat per day No risk of developing cancer Eating methionine without glycine becomes problematic Bone broth and collagen are good sources of glycine -Concern about constant activation of mTor on the carnivorous diet...1:41:00 Concern about IGF-1 (insulin growth factor) levels raising on the diet Paul has found the opposite to be true Caloric restriction benefits come from sirtuin family of genes, which is activated by beta hydroxy butyrate Balances out because of the ketogenic state of the diet -Whether a carnivorous diet is sustainable or ethical...1:45:30 It's not practical for everyone to hunt their own meat Look at it from a population vs. individual basis Answer questions pertaining to the individual before the population Advances in technology contribute to increases in greenhouse gases (fossil fuel emissions) Agriculture contributes ~8% of greenhouse gases; 3-4% is animal agriculture -And much more... -Who is Paul Saladino? Throughout the course of his life Paul Saladino has embarked on many adventures that have shaped his personal interests - including his unique, individualized approach to medicine. After studying chemistry at College of William he spent 6 years traveling and exploring. Highlights included a thru-hike of the Pacific Crest Trail from Mexico to Canada, a summer in the New Zealand backcountry, and 2 years skiing and climbing in Wyoming's Teton Mountains. He returned to academic studies after these adventures, first becoming a physician assistant and practicing in cardiology before training at the University of Arizona, obtaining his M.D. in 2015. He is a certified Functional Medicine practitioner (IFMCP) through the Institute for Functional Medicine and will complete his residency in psychiatry at the University of Washington this June. When he is not researching connections between nutritional biochemistry and chronic disease he can be found in the frigid waters of the pacific northwest in search of the perfect wave. Resources from this episode: -My Facebook post on my "bastardized version" of the carnivore diet -Paul Saladino's website -Paul Saladino's YouTube channel -The debate between Paul Saladino and Layne Norton on the Mark Bell show -USWellnessMeats ribeye steaks - Use GREENFIELD for a 15% storewide - Offer good for up to 2 orders per customer. Excludes orders over 40 lbs, sale items, volume discounts, and gift certificates. -Salmon roe -Fred Provenza's book Nourishment -Fiber and Colon Health On A Well-Formulated Ketogenic Diet: New Insights Question Its Role As An Unconditional Requirement -The Kettle & Fire bone broth Ben drinks - Use code GREENFIELD for 10% off Additional resources/research from Dr. Paul Saladino:  -Curcumin Curcumin (No RCTs which show benefit, potential toxicity)   "The Dark Side of Curcumin" -Piperine   Curcuminoids inhibit multiple human cytochromes P450 (CYP), UDP- glucuronosyltransferase (UGT), and sulfotransferase (SULT) enzymes, while piperine is a relatively selective CYP3A4 inhibitor Impairment of UDP-glucose dehydrogenase and glucuronidation activities in liver and small intestine of rat and guinea pig in vitro by piperine Plant pesticides (claustogenicity of safrole[also in black pepper], caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, glucosinolates [sulforaphane precursors])   -Cyanogenic glycosides in food   Cyanogenic glycosides in plant-based foods available in New Zealand A Review of Cyanogenic Glycosides in Edible Plants No association with meat consumption and colorectal cancer in Asia   No association of saturated fat and animal protein with colorectal cancer -Fiber -Diverticulosis study (worsened with increased fiber) Low fiber no association with constipation, diverticulosis Removal leads to improvement in constipation Lack of benefit in adenoma recurrence  Lack of benefit colorectal adenoma/cancer in women (NEJM) Dietary fiber lack of benefit in japanese populations with low fat intake Lack of effect of cereal supplement Lack of effect of high fiber/low fat diet Associated increase adenoma recurrence when combined with isphagula/calcium Soluble fiber increases colon cancer in rodents Fiber does not increase alpha diversity -BHB and signalling/anti-aging mechanisms: Anti-Oxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Ketogenic Diet: New Perspectives for Neuroprotection in Alzheimer's Disease Ketone bodies as signaling metabolites β-hydroxybutyrate: Much more than a metabolite D-ß-hydroxybutyrate: an anti-aging ketone body Estrogenic properties of quercetin Effects of phyto-oestrogen quercetin on productive performance, hormones, reproductive organs and apoptotic genes in laying hens Dangers of excess omega-6 (especially from seed oils)   Centenarians and genetic advantage   Salicylates (coconut)   Removal of flavonoid containing foods results in improved markers of oxidative stress   Green Tea catechins at obtainable dosing connected with liver injury (rise in transaminases) Oxalate toxicity -Casomorphin: A naturally occurring opioid peptide from cow's milk, beta-casomorphine-7, is a direct histamine releaser in man -Methionine/glycine ratio: Effect of dietary glycine on methionine metabolism in rats fed a high-methionine diet Methionine restriction decreases mitochondrial oxygen radical generation and leak as well as oxidative damage to mitochondrial DNA and proteins Methionine and choline regulate the metabolic phenotype of a ketogenic diet -Ketogenic Diet Improves Lifespan: Epigenetic mechanisms underlying lifespan and age-related effects of dietary restriction and the ketogenic diet A Ketogenic Diet Extends Longevity and Healthspan in Adult Mice Episode Sponsors: -Kion Aminos: Building blocks for muscle recovery, reduced cravings, better cognition, immunity, and more. Get 10% off your order of Kion Aminos, and everything at the Kion site when you use discount code "bgf10" at checkout. https://getkion.com -Organifi Green Juice: Now you can get all your healthy superfoods in one glass...with No Shopping, No Blending, No Juicing, and No Cleanup. Use discount code “greenfield” at checkout and get a 20% discount on your entire order! organifi.com/ben -ButcherBox: delivers healthy 100% grass-fed and finished beef, free-range organic chicken, and Heritage breed pork directly to your door on a monthly basis. All their products are humanely raised and NEVER given antibiotics or hormones. New subscribers will receive 2 LBS of FREE wild caught Alaskan salmon + $20 OFF their first box by going to butcherbox.com/ben  -Birdwell Beach Britches: Quality is our Gimmick isn’t just our slogan, it’s a commitment we honor with every stitch we sew. 100% money back guarantee. Get 10% off your order when you use discount code “beng” PLUS free shipping on any order over $99.   Do you have questions, thoughts or feedback for Paul or me? Leave your comments below and one of us will reply!  

  • Posted on 14 Mar 2019

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    "The Food Babe" Says They're Feeding You Lies (How to Unravel the Food Industry's Playbook and Reclaim Your Health).

    In her new book "Feeding You Lies: How to Unravel the Food Industry's Playbook and Reclaim Your Health", my guest on today's podcast, Vani Hari (AKA "The Food Babe") exposes the lies we've been told about our food--and takes readers on a journey to find healthy options. There's so much confusion about what to eat. Are you jumping from diet to diet and nothing seems to work? Are you sick of seeing contradictory health advice from experts? Just like the tobacco industry lied to us about the dangers of cigarettes, the same untruths, cover-ups, and deceptive practices are occurring in the food industry. Vani blows the lid off the lies we've been fed about the food we eat--lies about its nutrient value, effects on our health, label information, and even the very science we base our food choices on. In the book, she discusses: -How nutrition research is manipulated by food company funded experts... - How to spot fake news generated by Big Food... -The tricks food companies use to make their food addictive... -Why labels like "all natural" and "non-GMO" aren't what they seem and how to identify the healthiest food... -Food marketing hoaxes that persuade us into buying junk food disguised as health food... Vani Hari started FoodBabe.com in April 2011 to spread information about what is really in the American food supply. She teaches people how to make the right purchasing decisions at the grocery store, how to live an organic lifestyle, and how to travel healthfully around the world. The success in her writing and investigative work can be seen in the way food companies react to her uncanny ability to find and expose the truth. Impassioned by knowing how food affects health, Vani loves sharing her message on the blogosphere to 3 million unique readers across the globe. Vani convinced the biggest fast food chain in the world, Subway, to remove a controversial ingredient after receiving 50,000 signatures in 24 hours on her petition to the chain. After receiving tremendous attention on her posts about Chick-Fil-A, she was invited by the company's leadership to meet at its headquarters to consult on specific improvements to ingredients used by the national chain, which they later implemented. 7 months after Vani petitioned Kraft to remove harmful petroleum-based artificial food dyes from Mac & Cheese, Kraft responded by removing the dye from all products aimed at children. Other major food companies that have responded to her writings include Panera Bread, Whole Foods, Lean Cuisine, McDonalds, General Mills, Taco Bell, Starbucks, Coca-Cola, Chipotle, Yoforia, and Moe's South West Grill. Vani's activism brought national attention at the Democratic National Convention when she used her status as an elected delegate to protest in front of the U.S. Secretary of Agriculture on the issue of GMO labeling. Vani has been profiled in the New York Times, USA Today, Washington Times, Chicago Tribune, appeared on The Dr. Oz Show, Good Morning America, The Doctors Show, NBC News, Fox News and is a regular cooking contributor on NBC's Charlotte Today and food expert on CNN. During our discussion, you'll discover: -Inorganic phosphates (Pi), and their effects on physical performance...8:20 Here are the two studies Ben mentions: Phosphate Additives in Food—a Health Risk High-Phosphate Diet Induces Exercise Intolerance and Impairs Fatty Acid Metabolism in Mice Pi is used by the food industry to give processed foods a certain texture, add shelf life, etc. Adults with high Pi levels have a higher mortality rate: affects kidneys and other organs Study at Univ. of Texas: Pi lowered performance, Changed gene expression Higher level of Pi, the lower the physical activity Sodium phosphate is the most common ingredient used as a preservative -Insights into Vani's investigations into why foods are manufactured so differently in Europe vs. the U.S....12:15 Vani became aware of this when she noticed the ingredients in Kraft mac and cheese was very different in Europe than in the U.S. Started a petition to get Kraft to remove artificial food dyes in the U.S. U.K. requires warning label: "may cause adverse effects on activity and attention in children" Kraft decided to use natural ingredients rather than put on the warning label Chose to not do the same in the U.S. because the FDA doesn't require a warning label; it's simply cheaper. Natural ingredients look and taste the same as yellow #5 and #6 Every major American company does this Pepsi serves American version of its products with artificial preservatives; and one with plain sugar, beta kerotene, etc. in Europe It comes down to money: synthetic ingredients are cheaper French fries are vastly different in U.K. from the U.S. These chemicals go into many things, not just food The dangers of artificial flavors: FDA was recently sued by several non-profits because 7 ingredients were allowed to be used, that are linked to cancer in animal studies FDA banned the chemicals due to the lawsuit Found everywhere in candy They have 2 years to remove the chemicals FDA didn't require companies to tell the public which ingredients are the cancer causing ones Quaker Oats is allowed to write "strawberry" on the label and not actually add strawberries to the product Ketchup: [34:20] Heinz Ketchup Mark Sisson's Primal Ketchup U.K. gets just sugar and tomatoes, vinegar and spices U.S. gets GMO's and artificial preservatives We get exposed to genetically engineered corn that's been developed to withstand carcinogens -To what extent is the FDA involved in regulating the foods we buy at the grocery store, airport delis, etc...40:45 Common phrase: "Generally regarded as safe" Not mandatory to report to the FDA Americans are very trusting of their government to oversee, ensure what we eat is safe Food companies invent ingredients; Safety tested by the companies, FDA doesn't have the resources to check everything How is the FDA regulated? NRDC, watchdog organization WTF: Red dye #3 was banned in cosmetics, but not in maraschino cherries? GAO: Org that exists to submit claims with concerns about unsafe ingredients -Some of the common lies about ingredients we find on packaged food...47:30 Parmesan cheese had up to 13% cellulose added to it Sargento capitalized on new awareness, but in a deceitful way "Off the block" Read the ingredients, still using cellulose Former CEO of Whole Foods asked Vani for "next level" of package labeling trends Will see ingredients on front, vs. the back of packaging RX Bar: "No BS"... had "natural flavoring" on the back of the package Natural flavors can have multiple chemicals used "Incidental additives" -What concerns we should have if we buy all organic...55:36 Different levels of "organic" 100% - every ingredient is organic 95% - up to 5% non-organic allowed "Made with organic ingredients" - only 70% need to be organic Pesticides used on organic products Certified organic farm must use natural methods of controlling weeds before using pesticides Types of chemicals are tested Eating organic doesn't avoid pesticides; it does reduce the load on your body Beware of glyphosate -What does the diet look like for The Food Babe?...1:03:50 Avoid as many packaged and processed foods as possible Eat most meals at home Steel cut oatmeal w/ flax seeds, chia seeds, fruit Make a salad for lunch Dinner: 4 course meals -And much more... Resources from this episode: -Feeding You Lies: How to Unravel the Food Industry's Playbook and Reclaim Your Health -The latest two studies on inorganic phosphate: Number 1; and Number 2. -Primal Kitchen ketchup -Kion natural energy bars -Zach Bush's product "Restore" as an anti-glyphosate strategy -Marion Nestle's Amazon book page Episode Sponsors: -Kion:  My personal playground for new supplement formulations. Ben Greenfield Fitness listeners receive a 10% discount off your entire order when you use discount “bgf10”. https://getkion.com -Trusii: Contains a host of anti-inflammatory, anti-obesity, and anti-allergy benefits. For this reason, I have decided to now make consumption of hydrogen-rich water an important part of my daily nutritional routine...and I highly recommend it! Enter code “ben” at checkout and get 30% off your order! trusiih2.com/ben -Policy Genius: The easy way to shop and compare all your insurance needs. policygenius.com -Pura Thrive: Combines pure ingredients in targeted dosages through a superior delivery mechanism that is unrivaled by any other supplement on the market today. Get 15% off a bottle of the Keto Balance when you go to purathrive.com/greenfieldketo Do you have questions, thoughts or feedback for Vani or me? Leave your comments below and one of us will reply!  

  • Posted on 09 Mar 2019

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    Nourishment: What Animals Can Teach Us about Rediscovering Our Nutritional Wisdom.

    Animal scientists have long considered domestic livestock to be too dumb to know how to eat right, but the lifetime research of animal behaviorist Fred Provenza and his colleagues has debunked this myth. Their work shows that when given a choice of natural foods, livestock have an astoundingly refined palate, nibbling through the day on as many as fifty kinds of grasses, forbs, and shrubs to meet their nutritional needs with remarkable precision. In his brand new book "Nourishment: What Animals Can Teach Us about Rediscovering Our Nutritional Wisdom", Fred presents his thesis of the wisdom that links flavor-feedback relationships at a cellular level with biochemically rich foods to meet the body’s nutritional and medicinal needs. Provenza explores the fascinating complexity of these relationships as he raises and answers thought-provoking questions about what we can learn from animals about nutritional wisdom. What kinds of memories form the basis for how herbivores, and humans, recognize foods? Can a body develop nutritional and medicinal memories in utero and early in life? Do humans still possess the wisdom to select nourishing diets? Or, has that ability been hijacked by nutritional “authorities”? Consumers eager for a “quick fix” have empowered the multibillion-dollar-a-year supplement industry, but is taking supplements and enriching and fortifying foods helping us, or is it hurting us? On a broader scale Fred explores the relationships among facets of complex, poorly understood, ever-changing ecological, social, and economic systems in light of an unpredictable future. To what degree do we lose contact with life-sustaining energies when the foods we eat come from anywhere but where we live? To what degree do we lose the mythological relationship that links us physically and spiritually with Mother Earth who nurtures our lives? Provenza’s paradigm-changing exploration of these questions has implications that could vastly improve our health through a simple change in the way we view our relationships with the plants and animals we eat. Our health could be improved by eating biochemically rich foods and by creating cultures that know how to combine foods into meals that nourish and satiate. Provenza contends the voices of “authority” disconnect most people from a personal search to discover the inner wisdom that can nourish body and spirit. That journey means embracing wonder and uncertainty and avoiding illusions of stability and control as we dine on a planet in a universe bent on consuming itself. Fred Provenza is professor emeritus of Behavioral Ecology in the Department of Wildland Resources at Utah State University. At Utah State, Provenza directed an award-winning research group that pioneered understanding of how learning influences foraging behavior and how behavior links soils and plants with herbivores and humans. Provenza is one of the founders of BEHAVE, an international network of scientists and land managers committed to integrating behavioral principles with local knowledge to enhance environmental, economic, and cultural values of rural and urban communities. The many awards he received for research, teaching, and mentoring are the creativity that flowed from warm professional and personal relationships with over 75 graduate students, post-doctoral students, visiting scientists, and colleagues. Along with colleagues, he authored over 250 publications in scientific journals and books. His first book was Foraging Behavior. He co-authored a second book with Michel Meuret, The Art & Science of Shepherding: Tapping the Wisdom of French Herders. In our podcast, we take a deep dive into all these questions and topics and many more, including: -How Fred got interested in studying animals and their nutritional habits...7:45 He was fascinated by all things having to do with nature from a very young age Led to studying wildlife biology at Colorado State U; worked on a ranch concurrently Ran the ranch after graduation for 2 years Led to Utah State studying for a grad degree Eating habits of goats contradicted conventional wisdom Book: Biochemical Individuality by Roger Williams -Biochemical individuality: what it is, and why it's important...10:48 There's no such thing as an "average animal" in regards to food selection Study on how animals "finished" eating... Total Mixed Ration: mixing ingredients together (5 total), versus offering them individually Animals with a choice on what to eat ate less than animals with no choice Gained weight, body composition was just as good Animals with no choice suffered over-ingestion 5 ingredients is not nearly as much as animals foraging in the wild No 2 animals selected the same combo of ingredients; nor the same food from day to day -How Clara Davis' studies on children over 100 years ago is similar to Fred's work today...17:38 Longest study ever done on human beings 6 years; performed on adopted children Choice of 34 different foods Allowed children to self-select their own diet "A body knows, will select what it needs." Eerily similar findings; as though they were plagiarizing her words Children with Rickets Disease chose cod liver oil, then stopped eating it when they were cured Article: Clara M. Davis and the wisdom of letting children choose their own diets -How nutritional wisdom is akin to three legs on a stool, where if one is broken, it won't work...23:38 Leg #1: Flavor feedback relationships Feedback changes "liking" as a function of need "Vitamin fortification" affects our innate desire for nutrient rich foods If someone is on a highly-processed diet, small amounts of nutrients is akin to the total mixed ration practice Energy gets packed away in the form of fat in our bodies Example of cows eating a 2 lb mixed mineral simply because they craved zinc in their system, which was in a small amount in the block of feed Leg #2: Wholesome alternatives Leg #3: Social and cultural considerations Role of mother to children is essential Babies' fetal taste system is fully functional during last trimester Learning about food world via amniotic fluid Mother's diet can influence flavor preferences of children Genes are being expressed as a function of the environment we experience -How to find the right diet if you come from an ethnic and genetic melting pot...37:40 Epigenetics: the study of changes in organisms caused by modification of gene expression rather than alteration of the genetic code itself. Very relevant to Fred's work Play the "long game" Establish and maintain a strong connection with your community, local environment and diet Our genes become linked to the local environment over time and generations Bison, elephants, etc. with extended families become linked to their environment When you break the linkages, it's very difficult to reestablish -Ancestral wisdom when it comes to pairing our foods...46:23 Book: "Life in the Rocky Mountains"by Warren Angus Ferriss When eating bison that were in good health, on a healthy diet, the taste was phenomenal; never got tired of eating it Grass fed isn't grass fed, isn't grass fed Plant diversity in animals will influence flavor and biochemical composition of meat and fat, with implications for the health of human beings Feed-lot diet: diverse mix of compounds vs. simple diet Quality of meat, fat, milk, etc. from an animal free range very different from one on a feed-lot -Synergy in diet, and when it's appropriate to supplement our diet with synthetic ingredients...50:40 Research paper: Food, not nutrients, is the fundamental unit in nutrition The more you focus on individual compounds, the more deleterious health effects go away Need to eat wholesome foods, grown in good conditions -What we can learn from animals when it comes to avoiding toxicity in our diets...1:00:40 Pay attention to cues in your body Animals have innate ability to limit intake to levels that don't cause toxicity Animals love to eat a variety of foods 50-75 species within one meal All plants they eat are potentially toxic Variety contains secondary compounds; reduces toxicity Sheep will eat new buds, but will taper off once they reach a phytochemical threshold induced by nausea -About John Hoxsey and the formula he developed to heal cancer Had a prized stallion that developed cancer Couldn't bring himself to shoot it Put it to pasture to live out his days Began eating plants it hadn't eaten before Eventually cancer goes away Started a series of research that led to his formula -And much more... Resources from this episode: -Nourishment: What Animals Can Teach Us about Rediscovering Our Nutritional Wisdom -Biochemical Individuality by Roger Williams -Book: "Life in the Rocky Mountains"by Warren Angus Ferriss -Alder Springs Ranch -PHY906 as a Chinese treatment -Essiac tea -Book: The Art & Science of Shepherding: Tapping the Wisdom of French Herder by Fred Provenza and Michel Meuret -Book: Foraging Behavior by Fred Provenza Episode Sponsors: -Kion: My personal playground for new supplement formulations. Ben Greenfield Fitness listeners receive a 10% discount when you use discount “bgf10”. https://getkion.com  -Organifi Green Juice: Now you can get all your healthy superfoods in one glass...with No Shopping, No Blending, No Juicing, and No Cleanup. Use discount code “greenfield” at checkout and get a 20% discount on your entire order! organifi.com/ben -Pso Rite: The Pso-Rite is your 24/7 massage therapist when your body needs it the most. Get a 10% discount when you order your Pro-Rite using my link. https://bengreenfieldfitness.com/feelssoright  -Birdwell Beach Britches: Quality is our Gimmick isn’t just our slogan, it’s a commitment we honor with every stitch we sew. 100% money back guarantee. Get 10% off your order when you use discount code “beng” PLUS free shipping on any order over $99.  birdwell.com Do you have questions, thoughts or feedback for Fred Provenza or me? Leave your comments below and one of us will reply!  

  • Posted on 07 Mar 2019

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